Hydrogen technologies

Work package: Hydrogen technologies


Hydrogen is the lightest chemical element in the world. It is made of one proton and one electron. It has one more stabile isotope, deuterium. Under standard conditions hydrogen is colorless gas consisting of two atoms. Hydrogon is the most common element in the Universe. With most of the other elements hydrogen forms covalent bonds and can be found in water and almost all organic compounds. When mixed with oxygen in the right ratio it forms an explosive mixture. Hydrogen´s chemistry is most often mentioned in the case of acid and base chemistry, where positively charged hydrogen atoms are being transfered from acid to base. Each year approximately 50 million tons of hydrogen are produced, usually with steam reforming process. Hydrogen can be also produced with water electrolysis. Most of hydrogen is being used in ammonia and methanol production. It is also used as a protective atmosphere in metal and alloy production such as stainless steel. Today hydrogen is a fuel for fuel cells.

Designed as a part of the Hydrogen technologies work package, the Research and Development Projects (RRP) are in line with comprehensive PEM fuel cell system design.

The development of such a system requires a comprehensive approach and its design takes into account the requirements for reliability, sustainability and safety of operation, as well as the requirements for high efficiency and affordability.

The results of this set will be as follows:
M1: Analysis of possibilities for affordable hydrogen production and storage.
M2: Analysis of the reliability and safety of operation of fuel cell systems.
M3: A demonstration prototype of an affordable medium-power motor with PEM fuel cells with improved reliability, durability and safety of operation.
M4: Analysis of the operation of the demonstration prototype on a given model or pilot system.

The RRP within the framework of the Hydrogen technologies work package:

RRP 1: Affordable hydrogen production and storage technologies
RRP 2: Reliability and safety of operation of fuel cell systems
RRP 3: Functional and price optimisation of the fuel cell system
RRP 4: The development of custom subassemblies for the fuel cell system
RRP 5: The design of an affordable and efficient system with PEM fuel cells
RRP 6: Building a demonstration prototype of a fuel cell motor
RRP 7: Verification and validation of operation for a given model or pilot system
RRP 8: Demonstration project 1 – The construction of a hydrogen filling station
RRP 9: Demonstration project 2 – Hydrogen technologies in advanced energy supply
RRP 10: Promotion and dissemination – the Hydrogen division
RRP 11: Domestic and international cooperation – the Hydrogen division
RRP 12: Control – the Hydrogen division
RRP 13: Making the necessary investment – the Hydrogen division
RRP14: Matherials for hydrogen storage
RRP15: Materials for fuel cells: Synthesis and characterisation of materials for fuel cells
RRP16: Materials for fuel cells: Optimization and functionalization of electrode materials

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